Anxiety Disorders

 

This is a group of disorders involving various manifestations of anxiety that are grouped together neurologically in the DSM-5

Symptoms include:

  • Panic disorder (see also panic attacks)

  • Specific phobia

  • Formerly simple phobia

  • Social Phobia that was formerly called social anxiety disorder

  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

  • Acute Stress Disorder

  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

  • Anxiety disorders secondary to medical conditions, substance-induced anxiety or not otherwise specified.

 

Panic Attacks

The sudden onset of:

  • Intense apprehension

  • Intense fear

  • Terror

  • Feeling of impending doom

  • And accompanied by increased autonomic nervous system activity

  • Constitutional disturbances

  • Depersonalization (is a malfunction or anomaly of the mechanism by which an individual has self-awareness)

  • Derealization (is an alteration in the perception or experience of the external world so that it seems strange or unreal)

 

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

 

This is characterized by the development of long term symptoms following a psychologically traumatic events such as:

  • Any act of violence

  • Assault

  • Explosion

  • Combat

  • Auto accident

  • Natural disaster

  • OR anything generally outside the normal range of human experiences

 

Symptoms include:

  • Persistently re-experiencing the event

  • Attempting to avoid stimuli reminiscent of the trauma

  • Numbed responsiveness to environmental stimuli

  • Autonomic and/or cognitive dysfunctions

  • Dysphoria (is an unpleasant or uncomfortable mood, such as sadness (depressed mood), anxiety, irritability, or restlessness)

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